FEDERAL: How to amend the 'PROTECT Act'

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Election Year: where to start ~ Congressionally amend the PROTECT Act to include ...crimes involving the abduction &/or sexual abuse of a child ... (see 'FEDERAL LEVEL', below)

The Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003, otherwise known as the PROTECT Act, gives law-enforcement authorities valuable tools to deter, detect, investigate, prosecute, and punish crimes committed against children; strengthens laws against child pornography; and addresses deficiencies in federal sentencing policies and practices. Provisions that relate specifically to missing or abducted children include an increase in the base-offense level for kidnapping; a mandatory 20-year sentence for an offender whose kidnapping victim is a nonfamily-member minor; attempt liability for international parental kidnapping; Suzanne's Law, which requires each federal, state, and local law-enforcement agency to enter information about missing children younger than the age of 21 into the FBI's NCIC database; America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response (AMBER) Alert provisions calling for the national coordination of state and local AMBER Alert programs, including the appointment of a national AMBER Alert coordinator and the development of guidelines for the issuance and dissemination of AMBER Alerts; a Code ADAM program that requires designated authorities for public buildings to establish procedures for locating a child who is missing in the building; and making the statute of limitations for crimes involving the abduction of a child the life of the child.

FEDERAL LEVEL (connotation): amend the Federal 'PROTECT Act of 2003' by adding three words: ~ change ~ "and making the statue of limitations for crimes involving the abduction of a child the life of a child ..." ~ to read ~ "and making the statute of limitations for crimes involving the abduction &/or sexual abuse of a child the life of a child ..." ~ The Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003

FEDERAL LEVEL(denotation): amend the Federal 'PROTECT Act of 2003' by changing one word: ~ change ~ "SEC. 202. NO STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CHILD ABDUCTION AND SEX CRIMES" ~ to read ~ "SEC. 202. NO STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CHILD ABDUCTION AND/OR SEX CRIMES" ~

Section 3283 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
Sec. 3283. Offenses against children
`No statute of limitations that would otherwise preclude prosecution for an offense involving the sexual or physical abuse, or kidnaping, of a child under the age of 18 years shall preclude such prosecution during the life of the child.'

STATE LEVEL: we can help get victims legal redress & help take an active part to protect kids now -- by being informed of this, and asking our State legislators to open a window of opportunity, or enact a 'Windows Law' - or - 'Statute of Limitations Reform Legislation' & (3) on a national & international level to disallow Vatican diplomatic immunity to traffick in predators or accused-or-alleged predators across diocese, state & national boundaries to avoid their prosecution.  

Italy (for U.S. activists) ~ amend the Lateran Treaty of 1929 (last amended in 1985, to no longer make Catholicism the State religion), similarly extending the statue of limitations for crimes involving the abduction &/or sexual abuse of a child the life of a child, and suspending Vatican diplomatic immunity regarding conspiracy transporting perpetrators &/or accused-or-alleged perpetrators of sexual abuse of children across City, State & National boundaries to avoid prosecution, & nationally & internationally unsealing all Vatican Church & State records regarding perpetrators & accused-or-alleged perpetrators, making them available to all Civil, City, County, State, Federal &/or National & International authorities.

Also see: FEDERAL STATUTES, National Center for Missing & Exploited Children;

Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act
The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (1968) creates guidelines to avoid jurisdictional competition and conflict with courts of other states in matters of child custody, promote cooperation with the courts of other states, and facilitate the enforcement of custody decrees of other states.1

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (1974) has been amended numerous times; however, the overall purposes remain the same, including to provide technical assistance to public and private nonprofit juvenile-justice and delinquency-prevention programs, establish training programs for persons who work with delinquents or potential delinquents or whose work or activities relate to juvenile-delinquency programs, establish a federal assistance program to deal with the problems of runaway and homeless youth, and assist states and local communities to prevent youth from entering the justice system.

Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980) establishes procedures to ensure the prompt return of children wrongfully removed to or retained in a country other than that of their habitual residence.

Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act
The Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (1980) assures that full faith and credit is given to child-custody determinations. States may honor and enforce custody determinations made in other states as long as certain requirements listed by the Act are satisfied.

Missing Children Act
The Missing Children Act (1982) authorizes the Attorney General to collect and exchange information that would assist in the identification of unidentified deceased individuals and the location of missing persons, including missing children.

Missing Children's Assistance Act
The Missing Children's Assistance Act (1984) directs the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to establish and operate a national toll-free telephone line for missing children and a national resource center and clearinghouse.

National Child Search Assistance Act
The National Child Search Assistance Act of 1990 requires each federal, state, and local law-enforcement agency to enter information about missing children younger than the age of 18 into the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database.2 The Act also establishes state reporting requirements.

International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act
The International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act of 1993 makes it a federal crime to remove a child from the United States or retain a child, who has been in the United States, outside the United States with the intent to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights.

Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act
The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act (1994) prescribes a 10-year registration requirement for offenders convicted of sexually violent offenses or criminal offenses against a victim who is a minor. Sexually violent predators have additional registration requirements.

Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today Act
The Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003, otherwise known as the PROTECT Act, gives law-enforcement authorities valuable tools to deter, detect, investigate, prosecute, and punish crimes committed against children; strengthens laws against child pornography; and addresses deficiencies in federal sentencing policies and practices. Provisions that relate specifically to missing or abducted children include an increase in the base-offense level for kidnapping; a mandatory 20-year sentence for an offender whose kidnapping victim is a nonfamily-member minor; attempt liability for international parental kidnapping; Suzanne's Law, which requires each federal, state, and local law-enforcement agency to enter information about missing children younger than the age of 21 into the FBI's NCIC database; America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response (AMBER) Alert provisions calling for the national coordination of state and local AMBER Alert programs, including the appointment of a national AMBER Alert coordinator3 and the development of guidelines for the issuance and dissemination of AMBER Alerts; a Code ADAM program that requires designated authorities for public buildings to establish procedures for locating a child who is missing in the building;4 and making the statute of limitations for crimes involving the abduction of a child the life of the child.

1The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) of 1998 is a new model of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act.
2The PROTECT Act has amended this provision of the National Child Search Assistance Act of 1990.
3Deborah Daniels, an Assistant Attorney General with the Office of Justice Programs, was named coordinator by the Attorney General John Ashcroft on October 2, 2002.
4"Public building" means any building, or portion thereof, owned or leased for use by the federal government.